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Human Security and Disaster Management


Human Security and Disaster Management

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Relationship between human security and disaster management

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Both natural and manmade disasters impact different ways to human security. Human security can be defined as the right of people to live in freedom and self-respect, free from poverty and misery, according to the UN resolution A/RES/66/290 (United Nations trust fund for human security, 2015). Disaster is a sudden, dreadful which extremely disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material and economic or environmental loses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources. Disaster can be natural disasters such as earthquake, flood and Tsunami or manmade disaster such as armed conflict. Currently, disasters has become key threat to human security by intimating human existence and damaging the economic and social grounds of human welfare. Disaster can b occurred anytime and most of the times, disasters are unpredictable and inevitable. However, disasters definitely can be managed. Human security also emphasizes the empowerment policy and facilitate both individuals and societies to act for themselves and others. Mainly during rehabilitation processes after disasters, a bottom-up methodology and the integration of the voices of all concerned would be advocated. With regard to disaster risk reduction, human security would help guide policy development by ensuring resilience actions and situations, including consideration of human and community needs.